Energía Consciente – Paneles Solares – Hygroelectric Generator – E-fuels(synthetic fuels or electro-fuels) – thermo-Photovolatics (TPV) technology.

Tecnologías para combatir la escasez de agua | SOL + AIRE

El descubrimiento accidental que está convirtiendo la Humedad en electricidad

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have you heard about hygroelectric generator

Yes, a hygroelectric generator is a concept for generating electrical power by harnessing the energy from changes in humidity. The idea is based on the principle that humidity can be converted into a source of energy. This concept often involves materials or surfaces that can absorb water molecules from the air and then release them to produce electrical energy through the movement and interaction of ions.

Hygroelectric generators are part of ongoing research and development in the field of renewable energy, aiming to explore innovative ways to harness environmental energy sources. However, these are still largely experimental and not widely used in practical applications as of now. They hold potential for future applications, especially in areas with high humidity levels.

how can I build a hygroelectric generator?

Building a hygroelectric generator can be a fascinating project, but keep in mind that this is a relatively experimental technology. Here’s a basic approach to create a simple hygroelectric generator for experimental purposes:

Materials Needed

  • Hygroscopic Material: This could be materials like zinc oxide, which is known for its ability to absorb moisture.
  • Electrodes: Copper and aluminum plates can serve as electrodes.
  • Conductive Connectors: Wires to connect your electrodes to a measuring device.
  • Voltmeter: To measure the electrical output of your generator.
  • Enclosure: To house your experimental setup and control environmental conditions.

Steps to Build

  1. Prepare the Hygroscopic Material:
    • If you’re using zinc oxide, ensure it’s in a fine powder form to maximize its surface area.
  2. Setup the Electrodes:
    • Attach the copper and aluminum plates to opposite ends of your hygroscopic material. Ensure they have good contact but are not touching each other directly.
  3. Connect the Electrodes:
    • Attach wires to each electrode. Connect these wires to your voltmeter to measure the output.
  4. Enclosure Assembly:
    • Place your setup inside an enclosure to protect it and to control the environment around your hygroscopic material if necessary.
  5. Experiment with Humidity:
    • You can experiment by changing the humidity levels inside the enclosure. Use a humidifier or desiccant to vary the moisture content in the air. Observe any changes in voltage output on the voltmeter.
  6. Record and Analyze:
    • Document the changes in output as you alter environmental conditions. This data can help you understand how effective your setup is and what improvements might be needed.


  • Efficiency: The electrical output from such a setup is likely to be very small. This project is more about demonstrating the concept than creating usable energy.
  • Safety: While the voltage generated is likely to be low, always be cautious when dealing with electrical components.
  • Optimization: Experiment with different materials and configurations to see what yields the best output.

This project offers a great way to explore an innovative area of renewable energy technology. It’s an excellent opportunity for learning and experimentation, even if practical applications are limited at this stage.

¿Es este descubrimiento accidental el futuro de la energía?




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have you heard about efuels?

Yes, e-fuels, also known as synthetic fuels or electro-fuels, are a type of fuel produced by capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and combining it with hydrogen, which is produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energy. This process results in the creation of liquid fuels that can be used as a substitute for conventional fossil fuels in vehicles and other applications.

E-fuels are particularly interesting because they can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions by recycling CO2 and utilizing renewable energy. Additionally, they can be compatible with existing internal combustion engine infrastructure, which makes them a potential transitional solution as societies move towards more sustainable energy systems. However, the production of e-fuels is currently expensive and energy-intensive, and it is still under development to become a widely viable alternative.

how can I produce efuels?

Producing e-fuels involves a complex industrial process that combines carbon capture and hydrogen production technologies. Here’s a simplified overview of the steps involved in producing e-fuels:

  1. Capture Carbon Dioxide (CO2): The first step is capturing CO2, either directly from the air using direct air capture (DAC) technology or from industrial processes where CO2 is a by-product. This involves chemical processes to absorb CO2 from the air or gas streams and then release it in a purified form.
  2. Produce Hydrogen: Hydrogen is produced through the electrolysis of water, which splits water (H2O) into hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) using electricity. For the process to be sustainable, the electricity used should ideally come from renewable sources such as solar, wind, or hydroelectric power.
  3. Synthesis of E-Fuels: The captured CO2 and produced hydrogen are then combined to synthesize hydrocarbons. This is typically done using a process known as the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis or through other chemical reactions that yield synthetic gasoline, diesel, or jet fuel. The specific process and conditions depend on the desired type of fuel.
  4. Refinement: The synthetic crude product can be further refined, much like traditional crude oil, to meet the specifications required for different applications, such as transportation fuels.
  5. Integration and Storage: Finally, the produced e-fuel can be integrated into the existing fuel infrastructure, stored, and transported to different points of use.

Producing e-fuels is currently more of an industrial-scale operation due to the complexity and scale of the equipment needed, especially for capturing CO2 and producing hydrogen efficiently. It also requires significant capital investment and access to a steady supply of renewable energy to ensure the sustainability of the process.

If you’re interested in getting involved in e-fuel production on a professional or industrial level, you might consider collaborating with research institutions, joining a company working in this field, or potentially starting a venture if you have the necessary resources and expertise. Engaging with governmental or private funding sources for clean energy projects can also be crucial, as these projects require substantial upfront investments.

Breakthrough Solar cell DOESN’T Run On Sunshine!

thermophotovoltaics (TPV) is an innovative technology that converts heat to electricity using specialized photovoltaic cells. TPV systems generally consist of a heat source, an emitter that radiates thermal energy, and photovoltaic cells that convert this radiated energy into electrical power. These systems can be particularly effective because they can operate at high temperatures and have no moving parts, which reduces maintenance costs and increases reliability.

One of the key advancements in TPV technology is the ability to achieve high conversion efficiencies. Recent developments have seen efficiencies around 40%, which is comparable to the efficiency of traditional steam turbines. This has been achieved by using materials and designs that optimize the absorption of high-energy photons and minimize energy losses.

TPV technology is not only promising for converting waste heat into electricity but also has potential applications in renewable energy systems, such as solar power. The technology can be integrated into thermal storage systems where it stores excess energy as heat and later converts it back to electricity when needed. This could significantly contribute to more stable and efficient renewable energy grids.

The progress in TPV technology has been supported by significant research and development efforts from institutions like MIT and collaborations with organizations like the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The ability to produce these cells at scale, demonstrated by companies like Antora Energy, indicates that TPV technology could soon play a crucial role in both waste heat recovery and renewable energy systems​ (Wikipedia)​​ (Main)​​ (pv magazine USA)​.

how can I build a thermo-Photovolatics (TPV) technology?

Building a thermophotovoltaic (TPV) system involves a few critical components and steps, and it can be quite complex due to the advanced materials and engineering required. Here’s a basic outline of the process:

  1. Heat Source: The first requirement for a TPV system is a reliable heat source. This could be from concentrated solar power, industrial waste heat, or even a radioisotope source. The choice of heat source will significantly influence the design and materials of the other components.
  2. Emitter: The emitter is a crucial component that absorbs heat from the source and re-radiates it as thermal radiation suitable for conversion by the TPV cells. Emitters must be designed to radiate energy efficiently at wavelengths that match the bandgap of the TPV cells. Materials often used include tungsten or other materials capable of withstanding high temperatures.
  3. TPV Cells: These are specialized photovoltaic cells that convert the infrared radiation emitted from the emitter into electricity. The cells are usually made from materials such as gallium antimonide (GaSb) or other III-V semiconductors, which are efficient at converting infrared radiation.
  4. Cooling System: Since TPV cells operate best at lower temperatures, a cooling system is necessary to maintain the efficiency of the cells. This can be a passive system (like a heat sink) or an active cooling system.
  5. Reflectors and Filters: Reflectors can be used to direct unabsorbed radiation back to the emitter, improving efficiency. Spectral filters can also be used to ensure that only the radiation that can be efficiently converted by the TPV cells reaches them.
  6. Integration and Testing: Once all components are prepared, they need to be integrated into a system. This involves careful alignment of the emitter, TPV cells, and cooling system, as well as the integration of electrical connections for power output.
  7. Optimization: The final step involves tuning and optimizing the system to improve efficiency and output. This includes adjusting the distance between the emitter and the TPV cells, optimizing the cooling system, and possibly tuning the spectral output of the emitter.

Building a TPV system requires not only a good understanding of thermodynamics and photovoltaics but also access to specialized materials and equipment. For practical applications, collaboration with academic institutions or companies that specialize in high-temperature materials and photovoltaics might be necessary.

For a detailed exploration and guidance on building a TPV system, academic resources, research papers, and collaborations with institutions engaged in TPV research are invaluable. Consider reaching out to universities or research institutions that have active programs in TPV or related fields for more detailed guidance and potential partnerships.